The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that is located below Adam’s apple on the lower side of the neck in the body. The problems with the organ can go unnoticed even if it is showing worrying symptoms. Many people do not link the signs with the improper functioning of the thyroid gland and give it more time to get the condition worsen and to take an appropriate treatment. This gland is responsible for producing T3, and T4 hormones and 1-3 in every 50 women are often found to be suffering from a thyroid problem.
This also plays a vital role in converting food into fuel and thus regulating the metabolism of the body. Thyroid disease types are classified into hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and goiter. Based on the thyroid symptoms, the physician can diagnose the ailment type even before a blood test is done.
The thyroid gland is located below the Adam's apple wrapped around the trachea (windpipe). A thin area of tissue in the gland's middle, known as the isthmus, joins the two thyroid lobes on each side. The thyroid uses iodine to produce vital hormones. Thyroxine, also known as T4, is the primary hormone produced by the gland. After delivery via the bloodstream to the body's tissues, a small portion of the T4 released from the gland is converted to triiodothyronine (T3), which is the most active hormone.
The function of the thyroid gland is regulated by a feedback mechanism involving the brain. When thyroid hormone levels are low, the hypothalamus in the brain produces a hormone known as thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) that causes the pituitary gland (located at the base of the brain) to release thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to release more T4.
Specific kinds of thyroid disorders?
Precautions to keep thyroid levels under control
DietKeep a tab on your food intake. A balanced and utterly nutritious diet not only helps you to stay healthy but also takes care of all sorts of hormonal secretions. The immune response is triggered when the intestinal lining is inflamed. This can always be reasons for imbalanced thyroid hormones. Taking lots of fresh fruits, vegetables, salmon and extra virgin oil can help you to ensure perfect thyroid levels.
Avoid processed foods Processed and packed foods are not only threatening to your weight but also can be a disaster for various health goals. Transfat, high fructose, refined sugar and MSG cannot be ruled out in the processed and packed foods. Even vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels, watercress and cruciferous vegetables can stimulate autoimmune diseases. Ensure, these foods are always cooked. Raw consumption can interfere with the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
Supplements Defiance of iodine is one of the primary reasons for thyroid issues across the world. Supplements can be taken, and in many countries, it is done with the iodized table salt and dairy foods. However, too much of iodine can lead to hyperthyroidism. If you are all for taking iodine pills, then you should first consult a doctor. Thyroid health can be maintained by taking Vitamin D or selenium. Vitamin D is mandatory if the immune system is less fortified. Again, do not eat any supplements without your doctor’s advice.
Stay off from environmental toxins Exposure to endocrine disruptors for long can again lead to thyroid secretion imbalance. Waterproof clothing, non-stick cookware, carpets, flame resistant are few examples of things that can inhibit the endocrines. This is closely connected to thyroid disease. Antibacterial soaps that have triclosan as an ingredient can disturb hormonal levels.
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